The sales funnel first appears in a 1925 book by Edward K. Strong called The Psychology of Selling and Advertising. Strong attributes the funnel’s invention in 1898 to Elias St. Elmo Lewis, a sales manager for National Cash Register (NCR). St. Elmo Lewis, who later helped found the Association of National Advertisers, called his sales funnel AIDA for the four stages of “awareness, interest, desire, and action”.
The traditional funnel uses an industrial era paradigm that treats a buyer like a widget. With the right machine, a vendor can manufacture that widget into a product called a customer. In the industrial model, the marketing team works awareness at the upper funnel when buyers aren’t too interested. As soon as there is serious interest, marketing sends the “lead” down the assembly line, handing off to a sales rep whose must fabricate an opportunity and produce revenue.
The problem is…the traditional funnel doesn’t work that well anymore.
Alarming evidence of sick sales funnels show up in the data. Tech vendors now take an average of 19 months to create a large account customer, an increase of 15% in just the last year. Some of this lengthening is certainly due to uncertain economic times. Greater risk aversion has increased the size of the average buying team from 5 people to 6. But we can’t blame everything on the economy. Buyers, IDC finds, don’t like this slowness. They want vendors help to shorten the cycle. According to the IDC Buyer Experience study conducted earlier this year, buyers want to push for a 40% reduction in the time to buy.
Poor funnel health also shows up in unsustainable conversion rates. Research from IDC’s 2011 Tech Marketing Benchmark and 2011 Sales Productivity Benchmark reveals that it now takes over 1000 marketing awareness targets to get one sale.
Symptoms of a sick funnel. Beyond the data, tech vendors are experiencing the effects of their sick, out-dated, funnel approach. Here are some common symptoms companies complain about. Does your company experience any of these symptoms?
- Bickering: Sales and marketing teams bicker over the number & quality of leads.
- Bad Data: You don’t have the right data to judge performance, predict the pipeline, and refine strategy
- Wrong Tools: Sales people don’t have the tools needed to sell, in spite of the fact that they have access to a tonnage of content.
- Failed sales: Sales people fail to convert most leads. Marketing has no idea what sales plans to do with leads.
- Funnel Gaps: Prospects fall out of the pipeline, but you’re not sure when or why
- Silos: Sales team thinks it’s a waste of time to provide feedback to marketing and your marketing team rarely seeks input from sales.
- Missing Messages: You can’t nurture buyers because you lack the right content
Here’s an introduction to that framework in an IDC webcast called, “Transforming Lead Management: How the new buyer is killing your funnel (and what to do about it).” (The webcast is recorded. Register and you can get the replay.)